What is slipped disc / Slip disc?
The flexibility of spine is given by the discs which are like a washer between the two vertebrae and has jelly like texture in the center and tough peripheral wall. When you have a slip disc or prolapsed disc (commonly called a slipped disc), a disc does not actually slip. What happens is that part of the inner softer part of the disc (the nucleus pulposus) bulges out (bulging disc or herniated disc) through a weakness in the outer part of the disc. A prolapsed disc is sometimes called a herniated disc. The bulging disc may press on nearby structures such as a nerve coming from the spinal cord. Some inflammation also develops around the prolapsed part of the disc.
Any disc in the spine can prolapse. However, mostly slip disc occurs in the lumbar part of the spine (lower back pain). The size of the prolapse can vary. As a rule, the larger the prolapse, the more severe the sciatica symptoms are likely to be.
Who gets a slip disc?
Bouts of back pain are very common. However, less than 1 in 20 cases of acute (sudden onset) back pain are due to a prolapsed disc. (Most cases of back pain are classed as simple low back pain. This is thought to be caused by a minor problem in a muscle, ligament, or other structure in the back – for example, a strained muscle.) The most common age to develop a prolapsed disc is between 30 and 50 years. Twice as many men as women are affected.
Causes of slip disc
It is not clear why some people develop a prolapsed disc and not others, even when they do the same job or lift the same sort of objects. It seems that some people may have a weakness in the outer part of the affected disc. Various things may trigger the inner softer part of the disc to prolapsed out through the weakened outer part of the disc. The discs can tear or herniate. Either Disc itself or compressed nerves (pinched nerves) because of disc can cause pain. Disc problem is easy to treat if diagnosed at an early stage.
Common Symptoms Of Pinched Nerve:
Neck pain with arm pain ( in cervical spine) or back pain radiating to leg, in lumbar spine. This pain may be associated with weakness, numbness and heaviness etc. In late cases there can be loss of control over urine and stool
The symptoms of a pinched nerve depend upon what nerve is affected. Each nerve is accountable for transmitting information to or from specific parts of the body. The most typical symptoms of a pinched nerve are: Pain, Numbness, Tingling (pins and needles sensation), or Weakness of your muscles alongside the path of the nerve. A pinched nerve sensation might feel like, as an example, the sensation when a part of the body has “fallen asleep.” A pinched nerve may cause symptoms to begin of damage, or or any location further down the path from your affected nerve.
Sciatica or sciatic nerve pain
Sciatica is a symptom. It consists of leg pain, which might feel like a bad leg cramp, or it can be excruciating, shooting pain that makes standing or sitting nearly impossible.
The pain might be worse when you sit, sneeze, or cough. Sciatica can occur suddenly or it can develop gradually. You might also feel weakness, numbness, or a burning or tingling (“pins and needles”) sensation down your leg, possibly even in your toes. Less common symptoms might include the inability to bend your knee or move your foot and toes.